Collection: Part 3

UNIT 7: Research

Balinese People

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taken from Possessions Indigenous Art/ Colonial Culture by Nicholas Thomas (Book)

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Head-carrying traditions

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above is a century old tradition of carrying offerings done by only women to the temple. They're trained from a young age to bear such a weight making their neck strong enough and balanced enough. Offerings are made daily in the island of Bali as a sign of respect to the Gods.

Merchandise market in Ubud

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woven baskets by Tjanpi Desert Weavers

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Colors by Giorgio Cravero

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I could probably paint objects found usually in Bali with one colour like the painted fruits above. This way I could have control for the colour theme that I am using.

http://www.giorgiocravero.com/FINE-ART/COLORS-(2015)/1

Amanda Rodriguez

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from the idea of stacking the offerings I came around thinking of having a single colour bundles of stuff like shown above. 

Basketry by Debora Muhl

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Debora Muhl is a fiber artist where she uses basketry as her technique. She mainly uses the technique of coiling in which coils of sweet grass are sewn together with waxed linens or artificial sinew. Her materials usually consists of something from the nature like the piece above. 

I like the look of the circular basketry above, and I find it intriguing the fact that they're just on the branch just barely hanging. It looks like it was supposed to weigh down the branches underneath.

 

http://deboramuhl.com/about 

Atmospheric Reentry by Maiko Takeda (2013)

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I include this in my research because there is a section from the offering image above that looks like thorns coming out. 

Evidence by He Xiangyu

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He Xiangyu, Evidence, White Cube Bermondsey

installation includes: feature film The Swim, sculpture.

The artist shot the film in his hometown of Kuandian located next to Yalu river that borders China and North Korea. His mission was to capture what had now become the strange reality of his childhood home. The movie reveals the daily struggle for survival and identity, tragic experiences and expectations for the future. The artist's theme of resistance and survival continues to the scultpure part of the installation. Made up of 248 pieces of scrap copper wire, tubing and ironmongery fragments in which he obtained on a black market during his time of filming The Swim. These pieces were used for barter usually scavenged from machinery and buildings in North Korea then sold to the Chinese borders. These pieces were tightly made into woven balls and flattened loops so it could be easily smuggled across the border. 

 

I really like the small pieces in his installation. The fact that he made everything by hand means that no sample is the same with the other. 

Saput Poleng around statues

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Saput Poleng (checkered fabric)

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Saput Poleng is a sacred fabric could be seen all over Bali draped over trees, statues and worn by people during ceremonies. This fabric is used only on certain locations and worn only by certain people in very selected events. The philosophy behind this fabric lies in the belief of Hinduism. Balinese believes that there are 3 spiritual layers or usually known as mandalas:

  • the outer layer (jaba mandala)
  • the middle layer (madya mandala)
  • the inner layer (utama mandala)

"The outermost layer of Balinese spiritualism is an area where the difference between "black and white" is still visible and obvious. Those that can easily differentiate between good and evil, right and wrong, happiness and sorrow are considered to have a spiritual level that is still within the outer layer. They are easily swayed between 2 opposites. That is why this cloth is only used in the outer area of Balinese temples."

http://mysticalbali.blogspot.co.uk/2011/05/saput-poleng.html

Jim Drain: SEEMS/SEAMS

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Tenganan Bali (village)

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THE ONLY VILLAGE WITHOUT CASTE SYSTEM

Teganan Village interestingly is the only village in Bali that doesn't practice the traditional caste system. Intriguingly they're believed to be the real descendants of the group of people who reside in Bali from the very beginning. Different from other villages, this village have the majority of Hinduism but they're very democratic in the way they run their village. They do not differentiate people according to caste, they don't even discriminate the people by someone being a male or female. 

https://laynardhoaliy.wordpress.com/2013/12/20/hukum-adat-desa-tenganan-karangasem-bali/

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BALI HINDUISM -- REINCARNATION

Traditional caste system; beliefs in the principles of karma

Balinese people have faith that each person inherit their status in the society according to what they did in their past lives. 

This resulted them into always doing good because they know it will do them a favor in the future. 

Reincarnation by Elham Hajesmaeili

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Materials: Ceramic on Ceramic and Other.

Elham Hajesmaeili  growing up in Iran always had this fascination towards patterns since he was a kid. Growing up in Iran he would observe his surroundings such as,  historical buildings, streets and mosques. He chose ceramics as his main materials because it brought him nostalgic feeling reminding him of the physical sensation of his cultural background. He added how he uses soil as boundless natural matter as a way to "challenge the relationship between identities within a global context."

I like how the piece/ installation is raised from the ground, so even though the inspiration itself is very 2 dimensional (carpets in Iran), the artist managed to make it looks alive. 

Do Ho Suh, "Karma in Reincarnation", Seoul, Korea

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shibori folding and stitching

The shibori technique is a method used for dyeing purposes. The method basically uses stitching, clamping and binding to create interesting pattern when dipped in dye. 

I like this particular method below. I could imagine this being on the sleeve or a pants. I like that it looks like gathering but it doesnt involve any kind of stitching, purely done by wrapping and tying. 

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Dye bundles by India Flint

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Balinese Traditional Caste System

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BRAHMAN

SATRIA

WESYA

SUDRA

The Traditional Balinese Castes is made up of 4 castes. The first one, and the highest, was hold by the Brahman (caste of the priests and the teachers). The second was hold by the Satria (caste of warriors and kings). The third was hold by the Wesya (caste of king vassals and merchants). Those three higher castes are considered as the aristocracy. The fourth caste (95% of the total population) was hold by the Sudra (lower caste of peasants and craftmen).

 

http://www.discover-bali-indonesia.com/encyclopedia-caste-system-of-hinduism.html

Headpiece for Legong Dance, Bali

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Above is a ceremonial headpiece that is worn by women for ceremonial purposes and traditional dances. The headpiece itself symbolises the beauty of women and its virtue.

New Skin For an Old Ceremony by Douglas White (2011)

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Songs of the Roustabouts by Douglas White

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From my visit to Saatchi Gallery.

“While traveling in East Africa in 2001 I came across the remains of an elephant. There was little left as it had been mostly scavenged. All that remained were a scattered arrangement of bones and its vast deflated skin, draped and folded like a collapsed tent."

"Shades and echoes of it have instead emerged elsewhere my work, in assembled hunks of trees that resembled parts of an elephant or the draped, melted skin of a vandalized plastic bin and most recently while I was building clay walls for a cast… As I worked a rolled-out slab of clay it begin to crease and crack and it became, in my mind’s eye, elephant skin"

http://www.douglaswhite.co.uk/solo-exhibitions/new-skin-for-an-old-ceremony/

A Magazine Curated by Iris Van Herpen

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Neon (argon filled glass), 2011 by Richard Sweeny

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The artist uses the heat to remodel these plastics. It is then left to be cooled down. It left him with these structural pieces that looks raw and organic but very sturdy. 

Iris Van Herpen Paris Fashion Week F/W 15/16

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“We have been creating the collage that you see by fire only, so there is no paint or anything in it. We created a really thin metal reef from stainless steel, and we literally melt it with fire, burning it, and we can decide the amount of heat. This is all hand burnt, so each colour that you see is done by fire.”
-Iris Van Herpen

The fabric was done through a process called 'Burnt Oil Mesh'.

http://en.vogue.fr/suzy-menkes/suzy-menkes-column/articles/suzy-menkes-at-paris-fashion-week-day-eight-on-iris-van-herpen/24768 

Barong Bali

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Tokyo house by Takeshi Shikauchi

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Balinese ceremonial offerings

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These offerings can be found all over the island it is compulsory for people in Bali to have these everyday. It is a sign of respect for the Gods and it is believed to bring good luck. No matter which caste system the person is it is a must that they do this. What differs usually is the placement of these offerings. Some families are able to have it on small shrine statue they would have around the house. For some who are unable to afford it they would just put it on the floor. 

abstract sculpture by Maria Bartuszová

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I love the idea of stacking arrangement in these offerings. Probably doing it with everyday objects such as ping pong balls, toothpicks, sticks, beadings, and such. 

Stash hoarding by Phyllida Barlow (2014)

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Dock by Phyllida Barlow at Tate Britain (2014)

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Phyllida Barlow's works focuses on the physical experience of handling materials in which she transforms through layering, accumulation and juxtaposition. She uses materials such as cardboard, cement and plaster, timber, paint, etc. She plays around with the idea of anti-monumental tradition and she pays much attention to the relationship between objects and space that surrounds them. 

 

https://www.hauserwirth.com/exhibitions/2169/phyllida-barlow-gig/view/

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How to crochet tutorial Youtube

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Tajog (traditional children game in Bali)

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The Art of the Bundle – Modern Eccentrics by Ross Belton

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Tempête by Mireille Guerin.

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Arrow Smocking

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Soundsuit by Nick Cave

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This piece by Nick Cave reminded me of the Barong eyes that I am currently developing on my sketchbook. I like the idea of having in big in size. I imagine it being place in the middle of the chest.